Somalia: Here are the answers of your 10 questions

Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire visited Washington and met with the World Bank,
senior officials from the State Department and other high-profile US officials. Instead of
questions, these are the reactions from the visit of the man you called former refugee from
Statement from USAID: On April 11, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
Administrator Mark Green met with the Somali Prime Minister, His Excellency Hassan Ali
Khayre. They discussed Somalia's efforts to mobilize greater domestic revenue; important
legislation pending in the Somali Parliament, including bills regarding elections and the Auditor
General; and how USAID will continue to harness the dynamism of Somalia's private sector and
its vast potential for economic growth, through education, the management of natural resources,
and the creation of employment (USAID)
The national security advisor John Bolton tweeted "Pleased to have hosted Somali PM Khayre
today. I congratulated him on Somalia's economic reforms and urged sustained engagement on
this front. We discussed ways to deepen the strong US-Somalia partnership on critical issues,
including counterterrorism and regional stability,"
If I were a lobbyist, I would have created much constructive questions than these simple ones.
Here are the answers.

1. Why should Somalia receive any more international assistance?

Somalis are Humans that have universal right to receive assistance due the situations they have
been experiencing for so long. not only civil war but climate change which caused heightened
risk of drought in the country, proxy wars and others. according to state department, “The United
States has provided more than $3 billion in humanitarian assistance for Somalia since fiscal year
2006 to address the problems of drought, famine, and refugees. Since 2011, the United States has
provided an additional $253 million in development assistance to support economic, political,
and social sectors to achieve greater stability, establish a formal economy, obtain access to basic
services, and attain representation through legitimate, credible governance”. The Ambassador to
Somalia has already answered to this question please refer back to his answer for reference. Here

was his answer again. In testimony to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations last summer,
US ambassador to Somalia Yamamoto said, “he would, as ambassador, strengthen institutions
and governance; shift security responsibilities from AMISOM, the African Union’s
peacekeeping mission in Somalia to Somali forces; build economic opportunities, particularly for
Somalia’s young labor force; and address humanitarian food and health crises”. Recently, US
also mentioned giving more funds “To create a better tomorrow for the people of Somalia, the
United States is committed to providing more than $900 million in critical investment”. Due to
the international support, Somalia is improving both politically, financially and general security.
Al-shabaab has lost all their strategic holds and now in hide-outs. US, AMISOM, SNA and other
international partners are working hard to end the threat of Al-Shabaab.

2. Why are salaries in Mogadishu so high?
al-Shabaab has increasingly prioritized conducting asymmetrical attacks on Mogadishu, from
2012 – 2016, 19 members of parliament were killed in Mogadishu, ministers and other high-
profile officials were also killed in Mogadishu. suicide bombing caused by vehicle-borne
improvised explosive devices have also been taking place mainly on government-controlled
areas in Mogadishu. Those who are serving in Mogadishu are putting their Lives on the line. A
police officer in the streets of Mogadishu gets $100 a month, I hope this is not a high salary.

3. What’s the plan to address corruption?

The Federal Government of Somalia announced a series of steps to strengthen its commitment to
combat corruption and reinforce transparency to build more accountable institutions.
First day chosen Hassan Ali-Khaire, said he is mobilizing his government to tackle corruption
and vowed to make the fight against misconduct and a non-negotiable principle in his
administration. Compared to before a lot has been done. Although very few, those found of
corruption were arrested and convicted. The government of Somalia has zero policy on
corruption and have a clear strategy to combat any corruption.

4. Why does Farmajo travel so much?

Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Warren G. Harding, and Calvin Coolidge made 1
journey abroad each during their presidencies While George W. Bush 48 and Obama 52 made

international trips. There are legitimate and justifiable reasons as to why presidents travel. For
the case of Somalia, the country has been away from the world stage for so long, president
Farmajo mostly travels to connect back the diplomatic relations with other nations. Mostly
President and prime-minster gets official state invitations.

5. Will Somalia survive the end of AMISOM?

Somali has been existing as a nation since the name “Somalia” I was invented, Somalia will
survive at the end of AMISOM exit because Security sector reform is going on following the
national security architecture such as military, police, and justice sector. Due to the continuous
US drone strikes to Al-shabaab, AMISOM and SNA rooted Al-shabaab out of all major cities.
After meeting with David Norquist, US Under Secretary for Defense, Prime minter Khaire
tweeted “I expressed immense gratitude for America’s role in the war on terror. Discussed how
we can enhance our partnership in the security sector reform to enable our forces to be fully in
control of security”. Also, American diplomats, military officers, and USAID officials tell CNN
that they see progress in Somalia, with many of them citing increased security in major cities and
reform efforts as examples of success, which has been bolstered by recent reform efforts made
by the government. A huge progress is under way, in the background SNA, Police and other law
enforcement sector trainings are going on, so Somalia will survive after AMISOM exit.

6. If you want U.S. support, why lease your country to China?

no place in Somalia has Chinese presence at all. The united states and Somalia have a very good
diplomatic relations, the prime minister visited the United states several times and pay no visit to
china ever. Of-course no one can deny china’s influence in Africa, but China has very little
footprint in Somalia.

7. Why ask the International Court of Justice to mediate Kenya dispute and then not wait
for decision?

Both Somalia and Kenya, adjacent States on the coast of East Africa, are parties to the United
Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). On February 2 nd , 2017, The ICJ delivered
its Judgment on the preliminary objections raised by Kenya in the case concerning Maritime
Delimitation in the Indian Ocean (Somalia v. Kenya), in which it finds that it may proceed with
the maritime delimitation between Somalia and Kenya in the Indian Ocean.

The ICJ Finds that it has jurisdiction to entertain the Application filed by the Federal Republic of
Somalia on 28 August 2014 and that the Application is admissible. The people of Somalia are
patiently waiting the final verdict of the case.

8. Why is Somalia bothering with the Israel-Palestine dispute?

Somalia abstained from voting on the last UN Human Rights Council on resolution condemning
the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights. Somalia has no powerful foreign policy or meddling
as for the last decades Somalia has been dealing with their own internal issues.

9. Do you believe that Turkey is a stabilizing force for Somalia?

Erdoğan brought a sense of brotherhood and hope to Somalia after visiting a time in need. Since
2011, Turkey has sent almost $1 billion in aid to Somalia. After the emergency was over,
Turkish companies launched into major infrastructure projects, building roads, hospitals and the
port. Turkish Airlines is the only international carrier that flies to Mogadishu. Turkey has
cemented its place in the hearts of the Somali people.
Turkish Airlines flight was the first passenger plane from Europe to land in Somalia. ordinary
citizens feel the Turkish presence in the country is improving their lives.
Turkey Looks carrying capitalist agenda’s now, so History and time will only tell whether
Turkey is stabilizing force for Somalia.

10. Why is reunification with Somaliland a goal?

Somalia took independence in 1960, since independence was one country under one flag and
constitution. Somaliland self-declared independence in 1991, but not recognized internationally
yet. Currently Somalia has a federal government with representative from all over regional states
including people from Somaliland. The federal government has an interim constitution, article 8
clearly defines the people and citizenship “The people of the federal republic of Somalia are one,
are indivisible”. As Somalia and Somaliland talks are to resume soon, they will negotiate and
hopefully will work on something.

By: Mahad Wayah


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