The role of Turkey in Somali politics


Introduction Somalia encountered in a long period of civil war and political turmoil for more than 25 years. The country faced difficult periods of insecurity and political confusions, after the collapse of the central authority in 1991.

civil war broke out and warlords or functional leaders took over the power until 2000 during the civil war, thousands of Somali people had lost their lives and millions of others crossed the border looking for asylum in the Neighboring countries like Kenya, Ethiopia, and Yemen where they live there as refugees.

Thousands of Somali people have been killed during the last twenty years and millions more have been Move for an unclear period of time, and are trying to live under intolerable conditions inside (IDP) in Somalia and also in Kenya and Yemen. After more than 25 years of civil war, the socio-economy of Somalia was tremendously breakable before 2011, and the country’s future was mainly dependent on international humanitarian aid. As claimed by the World Bank report, foreign aid created the larger amount of Somalia s GDP over the three decades.

Somalia across socio-political and security uncertainties which represented the key problem for last presidential power transfer, in 2017 elections and transition development correspondingly, which could endanger its sustainable stability and security progress in Somalia.

Turkey’s aid to Somalia

Somalia was residence to the world’s most severe humanitarian crisis in the second half of 2011, and while the food shortage has been officially confirmed over, drought, militancy, and instability still devastate the East African country. Nine thousands of Somali people died and thousands emigrated to neighboring countries and the world last two decades. Millions more are still in want of urgent support, but appropriate an almost total absence of political infrastructure and power in Somalia; most nations in the world are either not capable or reluctant to provide too much the irregular aid package. as well as the re-establishment of direct flights from Turkey to Mogadishu and the re-opening of an embassy, one of the first for a non-African country in decades.

Turkey places its people on the earth in Somalia to take full advantage of the capable use of their human and planning resources in support of their financial resources. Turkish aid workers bring their aid directly to the beneficiaries, to take advantage of on impact. The preparation hospital in Mogadishu illustrates this point. Turkey has built an 800-bed hospital and organizes a training system for Mogadishu’s doctors to facilitate them to better assist the sick.

The symbolic and high-profile visit demonstrated Turkey’s intention to expand and strengthen the role it plays in Somalia.

Security Evolvement and infrastructure development

Turkey’s imagination came as a force of nature, allocating Somalia’s infrastructure development sectors in the front position.

Somali people are recovering and the country is getting better, with an authentic support of the International community, in exacting “Turkish engagement Initiatives” in Somalia, so Turkey government implemented military academy in Mogadishu last September 2017 to train Somali military forces.

The major national critical infrastructures like the airports, seaports and the connected public roads and supply lines, that grant open trade roads which make possible domestic trade activities within the society, are beside under control. In total, Turkey has invested in infrastructure, building hospitals, reconstruction destroyed government property and digging wells.

It has provided training to our doctors, civil servants and instructors. Turkey has to offer more than 2,000 scholarships to enable our young generations to study abroad. It has conducted in businesses that changed the face of Mogadishu and optimistic its entrepreneurs to come to the city and change state enterprises, including recurring the port and the airport to productivity.

At the begging of 2017 the Turkey government ended the building of the Somali upper house center in Mogadishu, the ceremony participated Turkish ambassador to Somalia Olganbekar.

Turkey policy to Somalia

In considering Turkey’s actions in Somalia, its African foreign policy must be assessed closely. On the other hand, it’s taking part in Somalia has only been since 2011. Turkey-Africa relations mark a new age in Turkish foreign policy outstanding to the raised responsiveness reveal by the Turkish public, the ruling party, and the opposition party, as well as NGOs.

To put Turkey’s current spirited policy in Somalia into a situation, a general idea of Turkey’s foreign policy towards Africa should be considered. Although turkey made directly influence to Somalia, politics in different aspects after Somalia settled its great reputation to world diplomacy, Somalia also gets an improvement of the contributions of Turkey to society.

Turkey’s policy in Somalia has been framed by its leaders and diplomats in such ethical terms, with its Foreign Minister stating in 2013 that “Turkey’s efforts to the Somali crisis is one of the tangible examples of Turkey’s Human-oriented foreign policy”. So The Turkish government’s policy towards Somalia has different aspects.

  1. First accelerating peace process

Turkey perceives that it would be difficult, in terms of rebuilding a Somali state, to unite Somaliland, Puntland, and Mogadishu under one central government, however, it is also responsive that at least a political talk among these structures is extremely important for the future of Somalia.

In this context, Turkey has extra another item to its conciliation hard work by leading talk between the federal government and Somaliland.

  1. Second helping to restore security

After the collapse, of central government 1991, Somalia has been ragged apart by civil war and security matter. It is still measured one of the most fear places on earth.

As a result, Turkey is one of the major actors demanding to solve the security problems even if it is also weak to these dangers. In the opinion of Turkey’s strategy to exercise a middle power status across Africa, because Turkey is taking part in the fight in opposition to piracy has persisted to be active in the following years in the Gulf of Aden.

  1. Third Promoting political harmony and state building

Turkey is studying towards initiating for Somalis long-term socio-political subsistence and stability. Turkey is not only looking forward to enhancing trade relations, but it is also dedicated to finding rock-hard and permanent solutions to the problems of the continent everywhere it can. Turkey is one of the rare counties dynamically working in Somalia and its Somalia policies are attracting the attention of international.

And Turkey’s become active appointment in Somalia is a manifestation of its great interest in the future of Somalia, in exacting, and of the continent, generally. Furthermore, Turkey is looking for to emphasize and make stronger its attendance as a new political actor. Therefore Ankara’s policy in Somalia has turned into that Turkey becomes a strong partner of Somalia government.

Abdinasir Hassan Nor


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